Thank You Noventis Credit Union!

We were delighted to receive a cheque for $500 from Noventis Credit Union yesterday. This funding supported outreach and workparties in the Manitoba Interlake including our weed pulls (here are links for weed pull 1 and weed pull 2), our beach clean-up, and blitzes at the North, West and East Shoal Lakes IBA. Thank you for your support.

Nature MB

Manitoba IBA Coordinator, Tim Poole, receiving a cheque from Amanda Wilson from Noventis Credit Union.

Heroic Effort to Pull Weeds at Sandy Bar When the Weather is Knot Fine

Tim Poole has finally thawed out from a bitter weed pull on Friday September 28th. Here is a report on another successful morning at the ‘Bar’.

8 degrees, that’s what they promised. 8 degrees and sunshine, almost the ideal conditions for a Friday morning weed pull at the end of September in Manitoba. This was Wednesday, and we were getting ready for another morning recreating habitat for Piping Plovers. It was therefore, to my absolute horror, when someone at home (she who shall remain nameless), announced that the forecast on Thursday had swung around, and was now a rather milder 1 degree, and flurries. A tiny bit of a turnaround then!

We decided to plough ahead, warning everyone who had contacted us beforehand that the weather was possibly going to be fowl (ok, allow me at least one more bird pun), but we would be going ahead regardless. We are after all a hardy bunch.

The drive up to Sandy Bar was punctuated by many a bird sighting. Seven eBird checklists worth apparently (a recent convert to the eBird App was responsible for recording bird sightings). Sharp-tailed Grouse were probably the best species, although, as the driver, I missed out on that particular species. Not to worry, Sandy Bar rarely disappoints at this time of year.

Arriving early, and the first few souls were already looking chilled to the bone. The north wind rushed across Lake Winnipeg, and what’s more, the coffee and muffins had not materialised. In life, there are times when you need a nice hot coffee, and this was one of them. Eventually, Lynnea and Ward arrived in a flurry of glory, and produced the aforementioned beverages and snacks, and we tucked in (it turned out that ordering in advance, does not mean that your order will be ready – or even being processed when you arrive). At least the early arrivals got to start birding – American Pipit numbers were already building nicely.

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Just a brown bird? There’s something so completely striking and intricate about the American Pipit. Copyright Christian Artuso

We gathered around, I gave a stirring speech to rally the troops. Following this outpouring of Shakespearean prose, the group seemed just glad to get moving.

Seventeen people showed up, and we are extremely thankful to every single one of them. Unfortunately, Joanne, our instigator in chief, had to work. We did encourage her to ‘pull a sicky’, but she has far too much integrity to do that! The walk along the shoreline was, as ever an opportunity to view some avian treats. Usually these events are defined by the gatherings of Rusty Blackbirds. Not this time though. Warblers, Horned Larks, American Pipits, and various other songbirds seemed to be hiding in the willows.

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A Palm Warbler appearing to take shelter from the wind. Copyright Christian Artuso

Our plan for weeding was to widen the large open sandy area midway along the bar, in the hope that we would one day make an area so clear, a Piping Plover would inevitably have no choice but to breed here.

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Hard working volunteers digging in for the mornings weed pulling. Copyright Lynnea Parker

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Volunteers give up their tripods and scopes and get to work. Note the short vegetation, a sure sign that we are getting somewhere. Copyright Lynnea Parker

The vegetation was pretty clipped, one would assume it was young, and easily pulled. That would be a mistake. The clover was rooted deep into the ground, having more than one season of growth for certain. To remove the roots meant to dig down, grapple with the root and then twist it around your hand, before teasing it out. It often took over a minute to pull a single clover. Hard work, rewarding, and probably a good way to keep warm in the circumstances.

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Come on Tim, it can’t be that hard. Photo copyright Lynnea Parker

It seemed like slow work. Each bag was slowly filled with willows, clover and burdocks. In fact, over 30 bags, possibly as many as 40 bags were filled. An average of over 2 per person was some going for a cold day.

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Peter having an argument with a Home Depot bag. For clarification, we in the Manitoba IBA Program show no preference for selecting bags, and would like to assure members of the public that garden bags can be purchased from a number of different hardware and garden establishments. Canadian Tire did seem to hold up better though. Copyright Lynnea Parker

Lynnea took some wonderful photos of the group working, and we could not select just one or two to show off, so here is a selection of some of the best ones.

Each bag was dragged into a pile including the bags from our August weed pull, and these are to be burnt by staff from Manitoba Sustainable Development.

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Pulling bags to the burn pile. Has anyone else noticed that Lynnea spent an awfully long time taking pics? Copyright Lynnea Parker

At some point in the morning, the attention shifted from pulling the shorter stuff, to pulling anything with a flowering head, and then to targeting the willows rooting along the beach. These plants are rhizomous, meaning that the underground roots are capable of producing new shoots, and new plants (although the new shoot is genetically the same as any other willow on the same root system). We found an efficiency in pulling along these root systems. We also realised that the willows were stabilising the sand bar, and their removal might make the sand less compact, and therefore reduce the seed bed for the weeds.

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Tug of war over a willow root. Copyright Lynnea Parker

We wound up around midday, following the customary group photo.

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Everyone trying to not look too cold. Copyright Lynnea Parker

At this point we began the process of clearing up, making it appear as if no one had ever been there.

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It was fortunate that we persuaded Christian that a bunch of sticks was not going to be an appropriate gift for his wife. Copyright Lynnea Parker

And came to the most important point of the day – the trip to the tip and the chances of finding some birds. Around half the group headed for warmth, but us brave souls wanted to see more birds. Lynnea had to be persuaded by the promise of some snack bars – and she calls herself a birder! The first species was the pale, bustling Sanderling, a species most at home scurrying around in the surf at the waters edge.


Sanderling, one of the few defenses against zebra mussels? Copyright Tim Poole

Walking further up the beach, revealed more birding treats. Horned Lark are not exactly a rare find in Manitoba over the summer, but they rarely show this well.

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Horned Lark. Copyright Christian Artuso

Another great spot was a Blackpoll Warbler.

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Blackpoll Warbler in the vegetation. Copyright Christian Artuso

To the tip we headed. Peter D. passed us with some exciting news, an opportunity that we would knot be able to turn down.

A group of shorebirds raised the excitement levels, but they disappeared. Had Peter’s birds escaped us? Fortunately not. Two juvenile Red Knots, a globally Near Threatened and a nationally Threatened species were foraging with a juvenile Black-bellied Plover  at the tip of the bar. As with the Sanderling, these are High Arctic breeders.

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Juvenile Red Knots. Copyright Christian Artuso

After 20 minutes and a cumulative total of about 1,000 photos between five of us, we were heading back. Lapland Longspurs were getting quite abundant by now.

The second excitable moment was courtesy of Ray. Scoters! White-winged! Alas no, the scoters became scaup, Lesser Scaup at that. Oh well, nice try!

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Lesser Scaup flying across the lake. Copyright Christian Artuso

Excitable moment three followed soon after. Lynnea had found a Western Sandpiper! It disappeared – would we ever find out whether she was right? Some shorebirds landed behind us, and suddenly we had it in our sights. Christian was convinced – a Western it was! Christian – and the rest of the group for that matter – had briefly taken leave of our senses, and forgot the basic first question for identifying small sandpipers. Christian is a fine teacher – and had taught me to look at the ratio of wing length to tail before proceeding with identification. This bird had long wings projecting far beyond the tail. It was either Baird’s or White-rumped. In fact it was the latter, due to the bright patterning, indicative of a juvenile at that. Alas, Ray kept his jig of delight for another day….

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Look at that projection! Note the wings project beyond the tail on this White-rumped Sandpiper. Also note the orange on the base of the bill, and the highly patterned back. Copyright Christian Artuso

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Who’s a little fella! White-rumped Sandpiper versus American Pipit. Note the size differential is hardly noticeable. Copyright Christian Artuso

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It’s definitely got a white rump! Pipit, Pec and White-rumped Sandpiper. Copyright Christian Artuso.

Excitement over, we returned to the parking lot, returned to the cars, and returned to a warm drink. It was a fantastic effort by everyone, over 30 bags filled, and some great birds for those of us who stuck around until the bitter end.

Thank you to the brave 17 – your efforts were greatly appreciated! Thank you also to our various funders, including Environment and Climate Change Canada, Manitoba Fish and Wildlife Enhancement Fund, TD Friends of the Environment Foundation, and Noventis Credit Union.

Here to the critically important final bird list of the day (see here, here and here).

Species Name Species Count
Snow Goose 195
Canada Goose 160
Mallard 43
Green-winged Teal 2
Greater Scaup 6
Lesser Scaup 50
Bufflehead 18
Common Goldeneye 2
Black-bellied Plover 2
Red Knot 2
Sanderling 10
Dunlin 1
White-rumped Sandpiper 2
Pectoral Sandpiper 5
peep sp. 1
Wilson’s Snipe 6
Bonaparte’s Gull 21
Ring-billed Gull 39
Herring Gull 13
Caspian Tern 3
Double-crested Cormorant 3
Northern Harrier 3
Bald Eagle 11
Belted Kingfisher 3
Downy Woodpecker 1
Hairy Woodpecker 1
Northern Flicker 1
Merlin 3
Black-billed Magpie 2
American Crow 6
Common Raven 8
Horned Lark 27
Winter Wren 1
Marsh Wren 1
Ruby-crowned Kinglet 3
American Robin 15
American Pipit 106
Lapland Longspur 63
Fox Sparrow 2
Dark-eyed Junco 30
White-crowned Sparrow 21
Harris’s Sparrow 11
White-throated Sparrow 30
Song Sparrow 2
Lincoln’s Sparrow 1
Swamp Sparrow 1
Tennessee Warbler 2
Common Yellowthroat 2
American Redstart 2
Blackpoll Warbler 1
Palm Warbler 36
Yellow-rumped Warbler 98


Latest Newsletter

The fall update of the Manitoba IBA Program newsletter has just been published. We include updates on the ISS surveys, including links to the third round of monitoring – and what a round it was too! We also include a focus on a day out from a group of volunteers, finding some rather good bird numbers at Delta Marsh IBA, a brief summary of our summer of fun, plus updates on projects with indigenous communities, and grassland birds. Check it out at the link below:

International Shorebird Survey – Round 3

2018 has seen the launch of the International Shorebird Survey (ISS) in Manitoba. Each month from July to September, volunteers from the Manitoba IBA Program, Bird Studies Canada, and NCC, have traveled to Whitewater Lake and Oak Lake and Plum Lakes Important Bird Areas to carry out these surveys. Our third and (in theory), final trips were completed earlier this week, and here is a summary of the results.

On September 17th, Gillian Richards, Christian Artuso, Josiah Van Egmond, and Ed Jenkins, completed the two monitoring transects at Whitewater Lake IBA. The results were, to say the least, quite spectacular.

The total of 38,861 birds, and 99 species was highly impressive, although a mere 20,764 were noted on the ISS surveys themselves, the remaining birds seen while driving from point to point. The most abundant bird was the Red-winged Blackbird, a colossal total of 8,960 being recorded.


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Who scared the blackbirds? Photo copyright Christian Artuso

Ducks were also abundant, 4,046 Northern Pintail being the highest individual count, but with sizable counts of Green-winged Teal and Mallard as well. A single Greater White-fronted Goose was another standout, along with the usual totals of Snow and Canada Geese exceeding a thousand individuals.


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Northern Pintail, Green-winged Teal and Snow Goose at Whitewater. Copyright Christian Artuso

Two Prairie Falcons and two Peregrines were also encountered, which segues nicely to the shorebirds (falcons are notoriously good at flushing shorebirds). The highlight was the Long-billed Dowitcher total of 3,217 individuals. An IBA trigger. This is fascinating. In ISS 1, we had a near trigger for this species, among several thousand dowitchers, but in ISS 2, dowitchers were almost absent. Therefore, large numbers of Long-billed Dowitchers migrated to Whitewater in July, moved on, and were replaced by large numbers in September. Dynamic populations or what! Of the other 21 species of shorebird, they counted a single Red Knot, 407 American Golden Plover, 562 Pectoral Sandpiper (a near trigger), and 542 Greater Yellowlegs.

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Distant Long-billed Dowitcher flock. Copyright Christian Artuso

Here is the total birds for the day, with a column for those recorded on the ISS transect, and a column for the total Whitewater Lake birds.

ISS Transects Total for Day
Snow Goose 1,170 1,795
Greater White-fronted Goose 0 1
Cackling Goose 0 19
Canada Goose 654 2,679
Wood Duck 2 2
Blue-winged Teal 801 923
Northern Shoveler 365 450
Gadwall 265 572
American Wigeon 276 284
Mallard 1,591 2,456
Northern Pintail 4,043 4,046
Green-winged Teal 2,310 2,422
Canvasback 6 258
Redhead 12 222
Lesser Scaup 4 22
Bufflehead 4 13
Common Goldeneye 0 3
Hooded Merganser 2 2
Ruddy Duck 21 105
Pied-billed Grebe 3 7
Eared Grebe 9 11
Western Grebe 124 167
Rock Pigeon 9 9
Mourning Dove 12 42
American Coot 602 631
Sandhill Crane 338 629
American Avocet 16 16
Black-bellied Plover 10 10
American Golden-Plover 36 407
Semipalmated Plover 38 107
Killdeer 22 53
Marbled Godwit 2 2
Red Knot 1 1
Stilt Sandpiper 360 413
Sanderling 6 6
Baird’s Sandpiper 48 48
Least Sandpiper 191 256
Buff-breasted Sandpiper 1 1
Pectoral Sandpiper 62 562
Semipalmated Sandpiper 205 225
peep sp. 740 940
Long-billed Dowitcher 2,460 3,217
Short-billed/Long-billed Dowitcher 34 1,134
Wilson’s Snipe 4 15
Red-necked Phalarope 1 1
Solitary Sandpiper 1 1
Greater Yellowlegs 499 542
Lesser Yellowlegs 46 46
Bonaparte’s Gull 0 5
Franklin’s Gull 917 1,046
Ring-billed Gull 424 623
Forster’s Tern 0 8
Double-crested Cormorant 6 106
American White Pelican 72 90
Great Blue Heron 2 9
Great Egret 10 18
Black-crowned Night-Heron 8 8
White-faced Ibis 60 102
Turkey Vulture 1 1
Northern Harrier 12 22
Cooper’s Hawk 1 2
Bald Eagle 9 29
Swainson’s Hawk 0 2
Red-tailed Hawk 6 14
Hairy Woodpecker 0 1
Northern Flicker 1 4
American Kestrel 0 1
Merlin 1 2
Peregrine Falcon 2 2
Prairie Falcon 0 2
Blue Jay 0 1
Black-billed Magpie 4 1
American Crow 0 8
Common Raven 2 6
Horned Lark 1 2
Bank Swallow 59 59
Barn Swallow 23 79
Sedge Wren 3 4
Marsh Wren 6 9
American Robin 2 10
American Pipit 7 21
American Goldfinch 2 4
Lapland Longspur 0 10
Clay-colored Sparrow 0 1
Vesper Sparrow 1 2
LeConte’s Sparrow 0 2
Savannah Sparrow 23 114
Song Sparrow 6 11
Swamp Sparrow 7 7
Yellow-headed Blackbird 128 200
Western Meadowlark 4 10
Red-winged Blackbird 1,400 8,960
Rusty Blackbird 0 4
Brewer’s Blackbird 101 126
Common Grackle 43 333
blackbird sp. 0 1,000
Common Yellowthroat 1 1
Palm Warbler 0 2
Yellow-rumped Warbler 3 4
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Spot the American Golden Plover. Copyright Christian Artuso

On September 18th, Ward Christianson and Linda Boys headed to Oak Lake and Plum Lakes IBA. The totals here were nothing like Whitewater Lake, with only 7 species of shorebird being encountered. Numbers of American Coot, Green-winged Teal, and other dabbling ducks were beginning to build up impressively as well. There were also good numbers of Franklin’s Gulls, and Sandhill Cranes and Tundra Swans were noticeably beginning to appear in the area. Long-billed Dowitcher were the most abundant shorebird, followed by Pectoral Sandpiper, and Lesser Yellowlegs.


American Avocet in fall plumage at Oak Lake. Copyright Linda Boys

As the totals of non-shorebirds have not been added to eBird yet, we only include the shorebird totals below.

American Avocet 7
Killdeer 12
Stilt Sandpiper 11
Pectoral Sandpiper 32
Long-billed Dowitcher 39
Short-billed/Long-billed Dowitcher 1
Greater Yellowlegs 30
Lesser Yellowlegs 23

Photos above – another type of wading bird, the wonderful Great Egret. Copyright Linda Boys

Thanks Ward, Linda, Gillian, Josiah, Ed and Christian for all your excellent efforts this week!

For more information on ISS, and previous reports, please see:

Maps, basic instructions and Oak Lake and Whitewater Lake first trip reports
Shorebird Workshop Report – Day 1
Shorebird Workshop Report – Day 2
Whitewater Lake Second Trip Report
Story on NCC website
Story on Manomet website